Forensic examinations and studies in proceeding
In accordance with its statutes, one of the main objectives of the Estonian Forensic Science Institute is to provide forensic science and examination expertise and services in legal proceedings. The institute provides its services impartially, professionally, to a high level of technical quality and in a cost-effective manner to ensure the reliability of its results and both national and international recognition. The results of the forensic examinations and investigations carried out by the institute are issued on a scientific basis.
Examinations carried out by the EFSI
Medical forensic toxicology examination
Forensic medical examination
Medical forensic anthropological examination
Forensic chemical examination
Forensic psychiatric examination and forensic psychological examination
Forensic medical examination of dead bodies
Other toxicology examinations are the following:
Studies carried out by the EFSI
The prices for qualitative determination of active ingredients of narcotic substances and pharmaceutical drugs are the following:
The prices for quantitative tests and analyses of active ingredients of narcotic substances are the following:
The prices for forensic medical radiology tests and analyses of dead bodies are the following:
The prices for other additional studies are the following:
Authorities that may order examinations and studies:
- Prosecutor´s office
- Investigative body
- Body conducting extra-judicial proceedings
- Administrative bodies
- State agencies
The police, prosecutor´s office or court must be conducted to initiate the proceeding.
Studies for charge
EFSI may conduct studies not related to proceedings for a charge and under the conditions and pursuant to the procedure provided by or pursuant to law to natural and legal persons and organisations, unless this hinders the performance of its duties related to forensic examinations.
The following studies for a charge may conduct:
- Determination of alcohol, narcotic and psychotropic substances in biological material or determination of other pure substances
- Biological study
- Document study
- Electron microscopy study
- Handwriting study
- Person´s forensic medical study
- Medical toxicology study
To order a study for charge, please contact us in advance.
Terms and conditions for conduct of studies for charge
The person who submits materials and data to an EFSI for conduct of studies for a charge shall be responsible for their legality, safety, relevance and correctness. The EFSI has the right to verify the information submitted.
Financing of studies for charge
Customers shall pay a charge for the conduct of studies for a charge to a forensic institution according to the price list of examinations. In the absence of the price corresponding to the type of the study for a charge, the price for the closest type of examination shall be used as the basis upon agreeing on the charge. Customers shall pay the full charge prior to the commencement of a study for a charge, unless otherwise agreed.
Detailed description of studies for charge
DNA test or identification of filiation is the most frequent extrajudicial test commissioned from the Estonian Forensic Science Institute. The test can be commissioned if the parties agree that a DNA test is required for identifying the filiation of a child and they do not wish to address the court to that end. The prerequisite for the test is that all the parties come to give a sample at the same time. Paternity is not identified using samples or personal effects that have been taken in secret. In order to make an extrajudicial test, the consent of all the parties is required. In the event of minors the consent of both legal parents is required.
Chemical examination – examinations conducted by the Chemistry Department are divided into toxicology examinations and pure substance examinations. The most frequent examination is toxicology examination, i.e. testing a biological fluid (blood , urine) for ethylene glycol, methanol, ethanol, narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and medicinal products. The most frequently such examinations are commissioned by hospitals, but authorities have also started exercising control over their employees.
Biological examinations – biological examinations include chemical examinations and DNA tests. Chemical examinations include, for instance, fibre examinations, which means that the animal to which a certain hair belongs is identified. When planning this examination you should certainly discuss the necessity of the examination with an expert of the Chemistry Department beforehand, because the examination costs quite a lot, 438 EUR per object.
Electron microscopy examinations – electron microscopy and microanalysis offer broad opportunities for examination of very different objects. Forensic science uses electron microscopy examinations for comparing various materials and identifying firearm traces. The EFSI has a low-vacuum scanning electron microscope with a large chamber, which allows for examining, among other things, large objects without harming them. The materials most frequently examined using an electron microscope and elementary analysis are metal alloys, paints and glass. On the basis of microscopic features it is possible to identify forged documents – in that regard cooperation with the experts of the Document Department is pursued. First of all, the EFSI offers the possibility of cooperation to other research institutions in order to carry out electron microscopy examinations.
Handwriting examination and document examination - Applying document or handwriting examination should be kept in mind that the Estonian Forensic Science Institute is not a procedural authority and do not resolve any civil disputes.
Person’s forensic medical examination – such an examination is usually requested if a person has been injured, but they do not want to address a law enforcement body. There are various reasons for conducting an examination: family violence, quarrel (e.g. between neighbours), accidents in the street, school, nursery school, etc. Often people want to address the police later, but since the injuries suffered in the given situation have either not been registered or they find that these have been registered improperly, it is subsequently difficult to identify whether, how and when the injuries have been caused. The deed can later be submitted to the police for initiation of an official procedure.
Medical toxicology examination – a medical toxicology examination is used in order to identify narcotic and psychotropic substances in a body and their area of influence. For instance, if a person suspects that they have been poisoned, the doctor will, after a positive result of the toxicology survey, give the person a thorough-going medical opinion on the impact and consequences of consumption of the substance. By analysing various source data, it is possible to identify when the poisoning could have taken place.